Driving a Minibus D1 Licence Entitlement
If you first passed your car driving test before 1st January 1997
You should automatically have D1 entitlement to drive a Minibus* on a not-for-profit** basis. Exceptions to automatic entitlement include medical restrictions and where licences have been renewed or updated but continuation of D1 entitlement has not been specifically requested.
*A minibus is defined as a vehicle constructed or adapted to carry between 9 & 16 passengers.
**A not-for-profit basis includes use under a Section 19 permit but excludes use connected to activities incidental to making a profit - i.e. Private Nursing Homes, Private Hire/Taxi Driving etc.
If you first passed your car driving test after 1st January 1997
No D1 entitlement, you can only drive a Minibus if you meet all the following criterior :
It is the last two requirements that cause most difficulty* ” Voluntary' in the context of minibus driving means that the driver is driving socially and not specifically paid for driving and cant therefore be compelled to drive ie ‘Minibus driving is not in their job description’. Also** the majority of minibuses now have maximum weights (GVW’s) in excess of 3.5/4.25 tonnes.
Should you wish to drive a minibus for profit, wish to use one in an activity that’s incidental to making a profit, or first passed your driving test after 1st January 1997 and do not meet the criterior of the exemption, you must obtain full D1 licence entitlement from Driving Standards Agency (DSA)
'Section 19' - Small Bus Permit Scheme
Certain organisations can apply for a Minibus Permit, (Section 19 -Transport Act 1985) for vehicles that can carry between nine and sixteen passengers. The permit allows organistations like volunteer groups concerned with education, religion, social welfare, recreations and other activities that are beneficial to the community to make a charge without having to comply with the full passenger carrying vehicle entitlement (PCV) operator licensing requirements and without the need for their drivers to have PCV entitlement. It should be noted however, that volunteer minibus drivers who passed their car driving test after 1 January 1997 are restricted to drive minibuses which weigh no more that 3500kg gross vehicle weight. Section 19 permits have a life span of 5 years and must be renewed accordingly.
If no charge is made for the use of the bus at all, no permit is required. However, the word 'charge' covers more than just the payment of a fare. Any payment which directly or indirectly gives a person a right to be carried on the vehicle (the legal term for this is 'Hire or Reward') would require the operator to hold either a Section 19 Permit or PSV Operator's Licence.
the vehicle, they would not be able to use the hotel or reach the place for which they had paid admission).
for a permit.
vehicle under their own permit and disc.